Keep the person still and support the injured area, using soft padding.

  • Do not move the person or the injured part unnecessarily.
  • Do not allow the person to eat or drink. They may need surgery.

An ambulance may be needed if the person is in a lot of pain and cannot safely be transported to the hospital.

If an ambulance will take some time to arrive, you are in a remote area, or it is a suspected upper limb fracture and the person can be safely transported to the hospital, immobilize the injured area using a splint.

A broad arm sling can be used to support and immobilize an injured arm. An injured leg can be splinted to the uninjured leg, using bandages around the knees, ankles and above and below the fracture site. Ensure that any immobilization does not restrict blood supply to an extremity.

Open fractures need special care. The fracture should be covered with a sterile dressing whilst awaiting the arrival of the ambulance.

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